Basics

Most of the issues facing our country are multi-faceted and extraordinarily complex. Insert politics into the equation, and the complexity increases exponentially. In order to understand these policy issues and the various perspectives around them, members of Congress, the public, industry and nonprofits must first have a basic knowledge that is rooted in fact. With our Basics series, Center Forward presents complicated issues in a non-partisan and easy-to-understand manner that provides decision makers with alternative viewpoints.


View the PDF version. Overview Child care is an essential service, but rising costs and limited availability following the COVID-19 pandemic have put an increasing strain on working parents. The average annual cost of one child’s care in 2021 was…

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View the PDF version. Overview The Pandemic All-Hazards Preparedness Act, or PAHPA, was originally introduced into law with the intention to ensure the United States would be prepared for public health emergencies, including pandemics and bioterrorist attacks. This law is…

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View the PDF version. Overview Congressional investigations are a method by which both the House of Representatives and the Senate perform their oversight functions. Court decisions, laws, and legislative practice have shaped the form and function of these investigations and…

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View the PDF version. Overview The COVID-19 pandemic exhibited how vital broadband is for the future of American business and education. The pandemic also highlighted the disparities in broadband access across the country, a problem the Broadband Equity, Access, and…

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View the PDF version. Overview Medicare Advantage (MA) plans are insurance plans offered by Medicare-approved private companies that provide an alternative to traditional Medicare for health and drug coverage. These plans cover more than 30 million beneficiaries, nearly half of…

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View the PDF version. Overview Every two years, at the beginning of each Congress, the House of Representatives is responsible for adopting rules that govern the procedure and process of the chamber, while the Senate uses its traditional rules and…

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View the PDF version. Overview Every two years, at the beginning of each Congress, both the House of Representatives and Senate are responsible for adopting rules that govern the procedure and process of their respective bodies. These rules are complex…

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View the PDF version. Overview In recent years, Washington has increasingly focused on avoiding impending deadlines that require more immediate legislative action. The federal government reaching the statutory debt limit—often called “the debt ceiling”—has become one of these simultaneously dramatic…

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View the PDF version. Overview U.S. companies spend billions of dollars each year on innovative research and development (R&D) and for the last 70 years, they have been able to deduct these R&D costs in full each year.  This changed…

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View the PDF version. Overview Diversity, equity, and inclusion, also referred to as DEI, are important concepts in the workplace that have come to the forefront in recent years. Each of these words has a different meaning to different people,…

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View the PDF version. Overview Electric vehicles, also known as EVs, have existed for almost a century. In 1900, they accounted for almost one-third of all vehicles on the road in the United States. However, when gasoline-powered combustion cars were…

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View the PDF version. Overview Fixing the United States’ recycling infrastructure has become a major focus in recent years because of a lack of standardization across the industry and low recycling rates across the nation. In the recycling process, recyclable…

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